Vice Adm. Muzaffar Hasan

Third Chairman Board of Governors (1969-1971)

Vice Adm. Muzaffar Hasan - 1971

By Kazi Zulkader Siddiqui, Kit no. 671, Latif House

Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hasan was the third Chairman Board of Governors of Cadet College Petaro from 1969-1971.

He was born in 1920 at Lucknow in British India.

As Vice Admiral, he retired from the Pakistan Navy as Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Navy in 1972.

Muzaffar Hasan was commissioned in the Royal Navy as a midshipman 1941 in the Exective Branch. He participated in the II World War on the European front. He was sent to the UK after the war where he attended the Britannia Royal Naval College.

With the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Muzaffar Hasan moved to Karachi and joined the Royal Pakistan Navy as a Lieutenant.

He commanded the first destroyer PNS Tariq with the rank of Commander in 1952.

During the 1965 war with India, he was a Rear Admiral.  In 1967, he was appointed commander of the Western Naval Command, and as Commander Karachi (COMKAR) in 1968. 

In 1969 he was elevated to the rank of a Vice Admiral and appointed the Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Navy. He led the Pakistan Navy during the December 1971 war with India. The war had been devastating for Pakistan Navy which lost a few vessels off the coast of Karachi with no cover from Pakistan Air Force.  Karachi came under intense attack by the Indian Naval and Air Forces, and the Pakistan Navy was crippled. The submarine PNS Ghazi, destroyer PNS Khaibar, merchant vessel Venus Challenger carrying ammunition, destroyer PNS Shahjahan, PNS Muhafiz, PNS Dacca were among the casualties of the war. 408 Naval personnel were dead at sea and over 1,300 naval officers and men were prisoners of war.

Right after the war, the new President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (who became Chief Martial Law Administrator as well) removed him from the position of Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Navy on 22 December 1971 along with the chiefs of the other two forces Lt.Gen. Gul Hassan Khan and Air Marshal Abdul Rahim Khan. All three ex-chiefs were forcefully retired on 3 March 1972 by President Bhutto in a stand up military trial led by the Judge Advocate General Branch.

The admiral was also decorated with Hilal-e-Pakistan and Hilal-e-Quaid-e-Azam while he was in service.

After his forced retirement, Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hasan settled down in DHA, Karachi. He was the first president of the Defence Society Residents Association (DSRA) from 1981 to 1990.

Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hasan takes over as C-in-C from Vice Admiral Ahsan in 1969

Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hasan with Saudi Ambassador and Rear Admiral Sharif - 1971